A Microphone is a device that captures audio by converting sound waves into an electrical signal. Microphones enable many types of audio recording devices for purposes including communications of many kinds, as well as music and speech recording. Since dynamic microphones use a simple design, they are typically very durable and do not require electrical power. Condenser – Condenser Microphones are commonly used for audio recording purposes.
A Microphone is known with other names are Crystal Microphone, Crystal Mike, Condenser Microphone, Capacitor Mike, Capacitor Microphone, Directional Mike, Contact Microphone, Contact Mike, Directional Microphone, Condenser Mike.
The term ‘Microphone‘ can be broken into two parts ‘micro‘ and ‘phone‘. ‘ Micro (from Greek mikros) means “small” and phone (from Greek phone) means “sound” or “voice.” Microphone translates to “small sound,” which is accurate, as the Microphone deals with small audio signals.
A Microphone converts sound wave into a small electrical current. Sound waves hit a diaphragm that vibrates, moving a magnet near a coil. In some designs, the coil moves within a magnet. Other Microphones, such as condenser Microphones, work on the principle of capacitance.
Following are the benefits or advantages of Microphone:
Following are the drawbacks or disadvantages of Microphone:
There are different types of microphones with each having their respective advantages and disadvantages. The above mentioned are generic advantages of microphone and generic disadvantages of microphone.